Gun Violence and Children: Practical Ways to Provide Mental Health Support

Gun Violence

Gun violence impacts every corner of America, but its toll on our children is particularly devastating. From 2019 to 2021, the number of children and teens killed by gunfire in the United States increased by 50%​. This article aims to shed light on this crisis. We explore practical advice on offering mental health support to children affected by gun violence.

The Problem: Understanding the Statistics

Homicide, suicide, and accidents are the main categories of gun deaths among children and teens​. In 2021, almost 2,600 children and teens under 18 lost their lives to gun violence, an increase from 1,732 in 2019​​. Among these, 60% were homicides, while suicides and accidents comprised 32% and 5%, respectively​​.

Further compounding the problem is the negligence of adults in securing firearms. Over 4.6 million children under 18 live in households with loaded and unlocked guns, creating a potential for tragedy​​. A child gains access to a loaded firearm and unintentionally shoots themselves or someone else almost daily in America​.

The Impact: Mental Health Consequences of Gun Violence on Children

Exposure to gun violence, whether direct or indirect, can affect a child’s mental health. Typical responses include fear, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The impact extends beyond the individual, affecting relationships with family and friends and performance in school.

The Solution: Practical Ways Parents Can Provide Mental Health Support

Open conversations about gun violence are essential. It is crucial to allow children to express their feelings and concerns. Parents should also reassure their children about their efforts to keep them safe.

Guiding children on how to cope with fear and anxiety related to gun violence is another critical step. Encourage deep breathing exercises, mindfulness, and other coping mechanisms.

In some cases, professional help may be necessary. Watch for signs of persistent distress, such as changes in behavior, prolonged fear, or recurring nightmares. If these signs appear, consider reaching out to a mental health professional.

Prevention: Strategies for Keeping Guns Out of Children’s Reach

The most effective way to prevent accidents is to ensure that guns are securely stored and out of children’s reach. Parents should consider using gun safes, lock boxes, or trigger locks.

Beyond individual action, there is a need for societal change. Advocacy for laws that hold gun owners accountable can make a significant difference. States with safe storage laws have 34% lower rates of unintentional child shootings​​.

Parents can understand the following critical factors related to gun violence and children:

1. Risk Factors for Youth Gun Violence: Understanding the risk factors can help parents and caregivers recognize signs and take preventive action. Some of these factors include:

  • Exposure to violence at home or in the community
  • Substance abuse
  • Association with delinquent peers
  • Poor academic performance
  • Lack of supervision or parental involvement

2. The Role of Media and Technology: The portrayal of gun violence in media and video games may influence children’s perceptions of gun use and violence. Parents should be aware of what their children consume and have open discussions about the difference between real-life consequences and those depicted in media.

3. The Importance of Education: Parents need to educate their children about the dangers of firearms from a young age, much like they would with other hazards such as fire safety or crossing the road. It includes teaching children that guns are not toys and that they should never touch a gun, even if it looks like a toy.

4. Community Resources and Support: Many community resources are available to support families and children affected by gun violence. It includes counseling, mental health, community outreach, and victim support services. Parents should be aware of these resources and how to access them.

5. Advocate for Safer Schools: Parents can work together with schools to ensure safety measures are in place, such as developing comprehensive safety plans, implementing anti-bullying programs, and providing mental health support for students.

6. Encourage Healthy Coping Mechanisms: Help children develop healthy ways to express feelings and manage stress. It can include physical activities, art, writing, or talking about their feelings.

These factors can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the issue and offer parents different ways to support their children and enhance their safety.

Here are some essential questions parents might want to ask themselves when it comes to gun safety and their children:

Do I own a firearm? 

If yes, there are more questions about storage, education, and accessibility.

Is the firearm stored safely? It means the gun is unloaded, locked away, and separated from ammunition. Child-access prevention laws in some states need this, but it’s a good practice, even if it isn’t the law in your state.

Do my children know about the firearm? 

Some parents inform their children about guns in the house, while others do not. If your children learn about the firearm, have they been educated about the dangers and the appropriate behavior around guns?

Have I educated my children about gun safety? 

Even if you don’t own a firearm, you must talk to your children about what to do if they encounter a gun at a friend’s house or in another situation. It could include instructions like “Don’t touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult immediately.”

Do I know whether firearms are in the houses where my children play? 

Ask other parents whether they own guns and, if they do, how they store them. It can be a vital part of ensuring your child’s safety.

Have I taken steps to educate myself about gun safety? 

Many resources are available to help you understand how to store and handle firearms. Local law enforcement, the National Shooting Sports Foundation, and the American Academy of Pediatrics can provide helpful information.

If my child is interested in guns, have I considered organized and supervised gun safety and shooting classes? 

Under the right circumstances, these can demystify firearms and reinforce important safety messages.

Remember, these questions are only a starting point. Every family’s situation will be unique. The most important thing is prioritizing your family’s and others’ safety.


As we journey toward a safer future for our children, we must confront the realities of gun violence. Let’s work together to create secure environments for our kids. It involves acknowledging the statistics, addressing the risks, and taking proactive steps.

Every parent has the power to effect change, and it starts within our homes and communities. Raising awareness, initiating conversations about gun safety, and advocating for safer laws. We can shape a world where our children survive and thrive.

We urge you to take the information in this article to heart. Consider the safety measures suggested, and share these with other parents. Together, we can work towards a world where our children are safe now and in the future. Let’s turn our concern into action and our hope into reality.

Remember, when protecting our children, every voice and action matters. Please share this article with other parents, and let’s make a difference, one family at a time.

Let’s take action today for a safer tomorrow.

A writer and mother working to provide the best advice and support for navigating the internet in a safe and secure manner.